Jharkhand | Where Mountains are for sale
Jharkhand has huge mineral and natural resources. Above the earth there is water,river,forest , mountain and stones etc. Under the earth there are huge mineral resources. These resources are not boon for the Jharkhandi people, but it is a curse. These resources are boon for the outsiders the Mafia, the middleman, the contractors and the Industrialist
Jharkhand is basically known for its Mineral resources and the Tribal population. Around 27% ST and 13% dalits are residing in this region. There are 32 tribes. Out of 32 tribes 9 tribes are primitive tribes. These PTG are now known as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG).Now this community is very poor and illiterate. The Paharia (PVTG) community is a marital race. The first freedom fighter of India was Tilka Manjhi (1784). He was from Paharia tribe. His original name was Jabra Paharia. He fought against British rule, landlords and moneylender. His movement legacy was carried forward by Sido,Kanho, Chand, Bhairav, Phulo and Jhano ( 1855).and Birasa Munda.(1900).
Here we need to discuss about the area of Santhal Pargana. Dumka is the Head quarter of Santhal Pargana. Dumka is also the Sub-Capital of Jharkhand. This area comprises six districts. Deoghar, Jamtara, Sahebgunj,Pakur,Godda and Dumka. Sahebgunj and Pakur are the border districts with Bihar and Bengal. Sahebgunj is the only district where Ganga passes through Jharkhand. Pakur is also the border district with Bengal and near Bangladesh.
There is best quality of stone chips available in Pakur and Sahebgunj districts. Paharia, Sauria Pahari and Mal Paharia (PVTG) all are residing on these mountains. This is their traditional habitat. They receive food and other means of livelihood from these mountains and agricultural land. These PVTG are the Owners of the mountain .They are the Raiyat (Occupant), but very poor and illiterate. Outsider Mafia, Contractor and Middleman are taking Lease, from the Govt. These Lease holders are taking lease from Paharia people at very poor rate. There is illegal nexus among Mafias, Govt officials and Contractors in the State. There are many Stone Crusher Machines in this region. Powerful Lease Holders are destroying these mountains. According to media report there are only 267 Stone Mining lease and 287 Stone Crusher lease. But there are many illegal Stone mining and Crusher machines. Situation has changed, now the owner of the land became the labourer in the Crusher Machine. These PVTG are the worst sufferer of this system. Paharia and other local people are suffering from dust and pollution and causing different types of disease (illness) like T.B, Skin diseases and respiratory problem etc.
Constitutional Safeguard’s This area of Santhal Pargana comes under PESA (Panchayat extension to scheduled Area) meaning 5th scheduled of the Indian Constitution. In the PESA area Gram Sabha has decision making right. This is the violation of the constitutional right of the tribals. This is the also violation of the Samta Judgement(1997).
According to Article 243(G) of the Indian Constitution, Gram Sabha has right to make a policy/plan for socio-economic development of the Village. After the Santhal Revolution (1855) the British Govt. had enacted a law called Santhal Pargana Tenency Act 1949 (Amended). According to that act nobody can sell or purchase the land whatever be their caste and creed. Santhal Pargana Police Manual (1856) says—No government officical can enter into the village without the prior permission of the village headman. All these Rules/ Regulations are being violated by Big Goons and powerful Mafia Lease holder. Jharkhand Govt. is silent over these illegal activities. Social Activist Sanjiv Kumar and Abdus Subhan of this area say Political Power and Govt. forces are behind all these illegal activities. Poor Paharia tribes are cheated by Powerful Lease holder. No Pollution policy/norms are followed by Lease holder. Pollution Control Board, Jharkhand, Govt. is behaving like White Elephant
An Insult to Marital Race Ten years back in 2006 when Arjun Munda was the C.M of Jharkhand, he has announced to set-up a Paharia Battalion. In Paharia Battalion a matric passed student was to get employment opportunities. But nothing has been done so far in this regard.